The Green Partnership of Industrial Parks in China (GPIPC) officially launched our latest version of the Green Development Report of National Economic and Technological Development Zones (2021), which is the sixth report of the series. The report summarized the overall situation of the green development in NETDZs across China, and introduced their best practice to facilitate sustainable and high-quality development. 


With the analysis of green energy supply, green incentive policy, green information management and green strategic planning of national-level development zones, the report aims to highlight the efforts these zones have implemented in order to promote China’s environmental goals and attract international businesses, as well as to provide strategic references for investors and industrial parks to promote green transformation and innovative development under the "dual carbon" target.


For the purpose of achieving the carbon peak and carbon neutrality, we must take any realistic, efficient and sustainable measures that suit China. National Economic and Technological Development Zones, as pioneers of China’s reform and opening up and experimental field of China’s green development, they are shouldering the missions of the green transformation and upgrading of industrial parks.


In October 2021, the Ministry of Commerce began to encourage National Development Zones to take the lead in achieving carbon peak and carbon neutrality. Additionally, in the 2021 edition of Measures for Assessment and Evaluation of the Comprehensive Development Level of National Development Zones, the State Council also includes carbon reduction-related indicators. Under the Ministry of Commerce and the State Council, National Development Zones commands their march on the dual carbon path.


Excerpts from the “Green Development” Section of the “Measures for Assessment and Evaluation of the Comprehensive Development Level of National Economic and Technological Development Zones (2021 Edition)”

I. Highlights of Green Development

National Development Zones are significant platforms of the promotion of regional economic and green transformation. By 2020, the regional GDP created by National Development Zones had already accounted 11.5% of that of China. However, the energy consumption, water consumption and major pollutant discharge per unit of industrial added value of enterprise above designated size are significantly lower than the national average.



Economic indicators of national economic development zones in 2020 (share of the country)

National Development Zones are playing a positive role in building green, circular and low-carbon demonstration zones. At present, national development zones take up 55% of National Eco-industry Demonstration Parks, 45% of National Circular Economy Demonstration and Pilot Parks, 36% of National Green Industrial Parks, and 22% of National Green Industry Demonstration Bases. In addition, 10 NETDZs were approved as "national pilot program on whole-county (city and district) rooftop distributed photovoltaic development", five were approved as "national demonstration projects for Internet+Smart Energy (Energy Internet)" and one was approved as the "New Energy Comprehensive Utilization Demonstration Zone".

 Ⅱ. Green Business Environment

The Report includes information about green energy supply, green incentive policies, green intelligence management and green development strategy.

1. Green Energy Supply

As China marches towards the “carbon peaking and carbon neutrality” goals, the green energy supply capacity of the industrial park’s host area has also become one of the important bases for enterprises to make investment decisions. According to the Report,  36.08% of the 230 national economic development zones use clean energy with more than 50% of the total energy use.


2.  Green Incentive Policies

In recent years, NETDZs have utilized policy levers to promote green and high-quality economic development. At present, 11 NETDZs have released specialized green incentive policies:


3. Green & Intelligent Management

NETDZs actively explore methods for combining smart and intelligent technologies and green development management of industrial parks. They have successively developed and applied IT-based management platforms for intelligent environmental protection, circular economy and online monitoring of energy consumption to provide timely and effective data information and decision-making support for ecological environment management by industrial parks.


4. Green Development Strategies

The capability of NETDZs to make strategic planning for green development reflects their overall and long-term planning for green development goals. This Report summarizes 34 green development strategic plans and related information published on the official websites of 21 NETDZs:


Ⅲ.  Green Practice Models

Based on survey results and expert discussions, this Report summarizes the typical practices of NETDZs in green and low-carbon development, which have distinctive features, generate remarkable results and can be replicated and popularized. They can be divided into four aspects: low-carbon and green industrial system construction, clean energy utilization system construction, wastes and resources recycling system construction, and intelligent park management & innovation system construction.

1. Green and Low-carbon Industrial System

Jiangning Development Zone has built a green energy transformation industrial chain, which absorbed over a hundred companies related to new energy, smart grid and new energy vehicles. Guangzhou Development District established green industry base, that is hydrogen energy oriented. In this base, there have already been 211 companies, the output value reaching one hundred billion yuan. Shanghai Minhang Development Zone has turned itself into a zero-carbon demonstration zone in which there have already been 436 projects, which are relatively associated with energy saving, technical transformation, clean production and green supply chain and etc. The primary assessment has approved that it has realized carbon peak.



2. Clean Energy Utilization System

Suzhou Industrial Park has built a regional energy interconnection network of “PV-energy storage-charging pile-natural gas” and it has 116 distributed PV projects completed, 71 charging pile projects under construction, 141 charging stations in operation, and seven energy storage projects on record, with the utilization rate of clean energy reaching 100%.


3. Waste and Resource Recycling System

Beijing E-Town, as the only national development zone in the 11+5 zero waste pilot cities, has made itself a zero-waste park, issued the Classification of General Industrial Solid Waste, launched the smart platform for waste-free information management, and realized a whole-life-cycle digital management of industrial solid waste.


4. Intelligent Management & Innovation System

Tianjin TEDA has invented, in terms of ecological environment, an autonomous Information Disclosure Platform for Third-party Environmental Service Organizations. Therefore, TEDA has been designated by the Development and Reform Commission and Ecological Environment Ministry as a pilot park of the third-party treatment of environmental pollution. Nanchang Development Zone has established a smart management system which digitalized environment statistics, enforcement and monitoring.


Looking to the future, China will continuously promote green manufacturing and green industrial development to achieve carbon peaking and carbon neutrality targets. In this context, national development zones have been entrusted with a new historical mission of supporting green, low-carbon and high-quality development.

Strive to construct a reform pilot zone that supports China’s green, low-carbon and high-quality development.

Strive to build the world’s leading zero-carbon and low-carbon manufacturing industrial cluster network.

Strive to establish globally-oriented national green and low-carbon technology innovation centers.

Strive to build a green and low-carbon international cooperation demonstration zone suitable for deep development and opening up.

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